Equality is based on ensuring full participation of all persons to economic and social life irrespective of ethnic origin, gender, religion, age, disability or sexual orientation.
The European Union promotes fundamental rights, non-discrimination and equal opportunities for all. European Parliament and Council have declared 2007 – European Year of Equal Opportunities for All in order to ensure full participation of all persons to life Económicas social irrespective of ethnic origin, gender, religion, age, disability or sexual orientation.
Equality must be a central objective of any democratic society which wants to create full and equal citizenship rights for all and is intrinsically linked to its sustainable development, it is vital for the implementation of human rights. Gender involves roles, responsibilities, and privileges socially constructed constraints that are assigned or imposed on women and men in a particular culture. Attitudes and characteristics concerning gender role expectations of men and women and on her varies from one society to another and change from one era to another. The fact that attitudes towards gender are built by the company means that they can be amended so as to lead to the creation of a fairer and more just society and a democracy balanced in terms of gender.
The overall objective of gender equality is to create a society in which both women and men enjoy the same opportunities, rights and obligations in all spheres of life. We can say that there is equality between women and men when both sexes are able to share equally the power and influence; have equal opportunities in terms of financial independence through work and the foundation of their business; to enjoy equal access to education and the opportunity to develop skills and talents; share responsibility for home and children and be free of any constraints, intimidation and violence related to gender both at home and at work.